What to do with fungal nails?

How can you best treat fungal nails? A fungal nail or fungal nail is a fungal infection of the finger or toenails that is very difficult to heal. In the case of a fungal nail, the nail edge becomes white-yellow, green or brown. It is a very common condition – especially in the elderly. It is caused by a fungus. Athlete’s foot often precedes it. Once mold settles in the nails, it is very difficult to treat. Oral treatment can have an effect after a course of many months. External agents are not particularly effective in a fungal nail. You can take a number of measures yourself to reduce the chance of a fungal nail, for example by wearing slippers in showers in gyms or swimming pools. People with a weak immune system run the risk of complications due to a fungal nail, so they have to consult a doctor in case of injury to the nail. A fungal nail can come back after treatment.

What are fungal nails?

Fungal nails (medical term: onychomycosis), also called fungal nails, is a very common fungal infection of toenails or fingernails. The infection causes the toenails to become thicker and discolour, deform, and split. Lime or fungal nails appear to be only a cosmetic problem, but without adequate treatment, the toenails can become so thick that they press against the inside of the shoes with irritation and pain as a result. An infected fingernail can lead to shame and psychological problems.

How often does it occur and what are the risk factors?

It is the most common nail disease in adults; everyone knows the phenomenon. Half of all nail disorders consists of fungal nails. Toenails are more prone to infection than fingernails. The incidence of fungal nails has increased and is related to (severe) diabetes , a weakened immune system and increasing age. Adults are 30 times more likely to have fungal nails than children. In fact, only 2.6% of children under the age of 18 suffer from fungal nails, while as many as 90% of the elderly have fungal nails.

The incidence of fungal nails in North America is 2-13%. Studies in the United Kingdom, Spain and Finland found prevalence figures of fungal nails of 3-8% .ยน

How do fungal nails develop?

Fungal nails are caused by a fungal infection. Fungi thrive well with moisture and heat and damaged nails can easily be colonized by fungi. The fungus settles under the top of the nail, colonizes the environment and gradually spreads downwards. Without treatment, the fungus will expand further and further in many cases. In the worst case, the nail can be so affected that it breaks down and the nail or part of the nail can be lost. The pathogenesis (the manner of development and development) of fungal nails depends on the type of infection.

Symptoms: yellow-white nails

In the most common form, the infected nail is initially yellowish- white in color and, in a later stage, it may discolour to opaque yellow-brown, with the entire nail plate affected. The nail hardens, becomes thick, and gets crumbled – especially the edge of the nail – and becomes lumpy. The nail eventually comes loose from the bed and can release completely or partially. In some cases, an inflammation of the cuticle occurs simultaneously: called paronychia . Affected fingers and / or toes can become thickened. Often a fungal nail is associated with athlete’s foot, also called a swimmer’s eczema. Complaints of athlete’s foot are gray-white skin flakes and chapping between the toes, sometimes with itching.

Diagnosis and research

Fungal nails can be identified by their external appearance, although other conditions such as psoriasis or eczema can also cause problems in the nails that look like fungal nails. The diagnosis must therefore be confirmed by laboratory examination. A sample of the nail can be cultured and then examined under a microscope.

Treat fungal nails

Fungal nails are difficult to treat, mainly because nails grow slowly and there is very little blood supply. The treatment of fungal nails is expensive, has certain risks, and recurrence (return) is by no means excluded. Fortunately, fungal nails are innocent and a treatment is only indicated in a few cases. Treatment can be considered in case of serious complaints or an extension of the infection to the nail bed.

Oral medication

A distinction is made between internal and external agents in the control of a fungal nail. Often, healing takes three to four months, sometimes longer. The duration is partly dependent on the growth rate of the nail. An example of a drug for internal use is Trisporal, with itraconazole as the active substance. Side effects that can occur are gastrointestinal complaints (such as nausea, abdominal pain, heartburn, diarrhea), headache or dizziness – which usually change over time. Hypersensitivity may also occur: skin rash , itching, hives .

Treat fungal nail with vinegar

How can you treat a fungal nail or lime nail with vinegar?

Step 1: Purchase vinegar

Purchase a bottle of white vinegar. The brand is not important, white vinegar is white vinegar. Vinegar is created when fermented products sour by the right bacteria. Vinegar have different applications. Vinegar is not only foodstuff and preservative (in fact, there is no better preservation liquid than vinegar) but in the form of cleaning vinegar it is also a cleanser. There are also some home-garden-and-kitchen applications, such as fighting a fungal nail.

Step 2: File the nail

Before the treatment of the fungal nail with vinegar starts, it is important that you remove as much of the affected nail as possible. It is best to reduce the nail to a minimum length and then finish off the surface of the nail as much as possible. If you wish, you can have this done by an experienced pedicure.

Step 3: Apply vinegar twice a day

Apply a generous amount of vinegar to the affected nail (s) once or twice a day. This is best done as follows. Grab a bowl and fill it with vinegar and water. Mix one part white vinegar with two parts of hand-warm water. Immerse the affected toe or finger with the affected nail in this solution for about ten to fifteen minutes. Do this preferably twice a day until the fungus has disappeared. People can be allergic to vinegar. Possible symptoms are a tingling or itching sensation. In case of skin irritation add more water to the solution and repeat the process every other day.

Step 4: Dry the nails in the air

Let the nails dry in the air.

Step 5: Track nail

Periodically remove all dead mold residues and other dirt under the nail (if accessible). And file your nails regularly.

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