Trichotillomania is a psychological disorder in the impulse control, which means that a patient has a recurring, irresistible urge to pull her out in different body areas, causing perceptible hair loss. Usually trichotillomania is a lifelong condition that requires treatment to reduce or stop the symptoms. This condition has many social and emotional consequences for the patient and his environment. The French skin doctor F. Hallopeau first described this condition in the medical literature in 1889, although the disease was already known in the Old Testament.
Trichotillomania is also known as
Causes psychological disorder
The cause of trichotillomania unclear. But like many complex disorders, trichotillomania is probably the result of a combination of genetic factors and environmental factors. The condition is a kind of addiction. Sometimes the disorder is also a reflection of a psychological problem, a way of dealing with a stressful or difficult situation. In others, trichotillomania is a form of self-mutilation. Also a brain abnormalities may be the cause of trichotillomania, although this is not the case with every patient. Finally, some patients have a shortage of serotonin in the brain. When they get this substance through an antidepressant, it alleviates the symptoms in some people.
Epidemiology and risk factors
Trichotillomania affects infants, but the peak age at the onset of symptoms is between 10 and 13 years. The prevalence is estimated at 0.6 to 2%. Some factors increase the risk of developing trichotillomania. for more details click the website
Patients with trichotillomania sometimes have other conditions, such as depression , anxiety disorder, obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD: mental illness with obsession and compulsions), an eating disorder , a personality disorder, ADHD (difficulty with attention and energy monitoring) or a tic disorder. Also, drug abuse has been associated with the disease.
Genetics may play a role in the development of trichotillomania. The condition is more common in patients who have a family member with the disease.