White Spots on the Skin – What can it be?

The skin is the largest organ of humans. The skin can be sensitive to spots and spots. Some places are obvious and you immediately know where it comes from. A blue spot is often the result of an impact. Red spots can be fire spots. White spots on the other hand are often a mystery. Where do these spots come from and what exactly can it be? what kills hives? In this article you read about various causes of white spots or spots on the body.

Idiopathic Guttate Hypomelanosis

Idiopathic guttate hypomelanosis, this is a Latin name and literally means: small white circles of unknown origin. Most people with white spots on the skin may have this small, innocent condition. This condition is immediately noticeable among sun lovers. The skin around the spots turns brown, while the spots remain white. It is not known exactly what the cause of this phenomenon is.

It is suspected that the sun has something to do with it. Idiopathic guttate hypomelanosis is slightly more common in women than in men and also appears more often in people with fair skin than in people with tinted skin. This skin condition is also more common in people over the age of thirty. The white spots that arise are generally found throughout the body, but are noticeably more noticeable in certain places than others. It involves the shins, calf legs and upper arms. The white spots stand out more in these places.

Pityriasis Versicolor

With pityriasis versicolor, the stains have a different structure than with the idiopathic guttate hypomelanosis disorder. Pityriasis Versicolor is an innocent infection of the skin caused by a certain yeast. This yeast is mainly of the Malassezia species.

This skin condition can already occur in the early years of life. It mainly occurs in people with numerous skin. A high humidity level of the environment and a high temperature can be beneficial for the appearance of these white spots on the skin. We see the white spots mainly in the body folds and face.

The treatment of pityriasis versicolor is usually performed after a visit to the doctor. The doctor can often see with the naked eye whether this is the condition. When in doubt, you should therefore always visit your doctor. A special cream can stop the fungus and therefore the annoying white spots.

Vitiligo

Vitilligo is a common skin condition. About 0.5% of the world’s population has this condition to a certain extent. The white spots on the skin are often very recognizable. The size of the spots can vary from a small spot to a few centimeters. These white spots are characterized by the skin not tanning in the sun. The stains therefore always remain milky white. The spots often occur in the face and arms. Other parts of the body can also be affected by these white spots.

Why do I have white spots?

It is still not entirely clear today why people get these (vitilligo) white spots. However, a hereditary component has been established. If you have family members with white spots on the skin, chances are that you have developed that or will pass it on to your children. The white spots do not always have to occur in the same place as they are seen with your family member.

Vitilligo stains are not always clear. If you already have a pale body color, the spots do not have to stand out at all. The spots or spots often stand out when you have been tanning in the sun for a while. The spots where no pigment is developed remains white.

The Treatment of Fungal Infections and more Specifically Candida

A fungal infection is mainly a nasty condition that is usually not serious in nature but which can thoroughly disrupt the human mechanism.

Fungal Infections

It is therefore important to be there in time and to distinguish the symptoms in order to avoid that the fungal infection becomes serious and can cause permanent damage to the body.

What are fungi?

To know exactly what a fungal infection is, we must first distinguish the concept of fungus. The so-called pathogenic fungi form with them development in life forms toxic substances, which we also know as mycotoxins. An example of this is aflatoxin, which is formed by fungi that can occur on spoiled nuts.

These worms do not belong to these micro-organisms. Yet they are also mentioned here because they too can cause diseases in humans (and also in animals). Examples here are the tapeworm, thrichinose (which is transmitted by insufficiently heated pork) and the herring worm.

What are the main fungal infections?

Pneumonia-like syndromes can sometimes be caused by fungi. There are three large groups of fungal infections that we would like to discuss here to give a better picture of the condition.

Aspergillosis

The Aspergillosis fungus preferably grows in existing cavities in the tongue tissue such as absesses, bronchiectasis and lung cysts. The fungus grows like a mushroom in the cavity and in that form is clearly recognizable on a lung photo.

Actinomycosis

This condition can lead to the formation of jaw and lung abscesses and is much less common than in the past. The contamination of humans used to happen often by chewing on certain stalks on which this fungus is present.

Candida

Candidais or monialasis is a fungal infection that is usually the result of long-term use of antibiotics or of cytostatics and corticosteroids.

Candida belongs to the family of yeasts that we naturally find on our skin, in our mucous membranes and also in the intestines. We need those yeasts, because they live in harmony with the bacteria that also naturally occur on them.

They have a cleansing function on the skin and they serve as food for the yeasts. So in normal circumstances we do not notice anything.

But it is possible that these yeasts suddenly start to expand strongly, causing a so-called candida infection.

Usually Innocent

Usually such a fungal infection is pretty harmless and there is also a very simple and effective treatment for it. These simple infections are usually the result of a temporary reduction of our resistance, for example by an antibiotic treatment.

The treatment is simple: it is then sufficient to increase the resistance by adjusting the diet or not in combination with the right medication, and after a short time the fungal infection will disappear again.

Exceptionally, candida is dangerous

In rather exceptional circumstances, which we can not emphasize enough, candida infection can be dangerous, when candida gets into the blood and causes a severe infection. This only occurs in severely ill people with a greatly reduced resistance.

For example, in people who have had an organ transplant, in cancer patients after chemotherapy and in AIDS patients. These categories of patients are kept under extra supervision so that they will not suffer from candida.

Immunity against candida can be stimulated by regular intake of beta-glucans .

Risk factors for a candida fungal infection

Many factors can play a role in the occurrence of a candida infection and should be avoided as much as possible.

For example, a humid environment is the ideal breeding ground for the multiplication and spread of yeasts and fungi. The rooms well ventilate and no wet towels, clothing and carpets in house so the message.

Do not overdo with antibiotics. These drugs can only be taken in extreme need. They can be very efficient temporarily, but on the other hand they are also detrimental to our resistance and also destroy useful bacteria in our body.

If those bacteria are no longer present in sufficient quantities to perform their protective function, candida will get the chance to multiply and spread.

People who have a strongly weakened defense mechanism are extra sensitive to candida. These include premature births, very young babies, AIDS and HIV patients, elderly people, people undergoing chemotherapy, people who have just undergone organ transplants and certain medicines that affect immunity.

People who suffer from diabetes also need to pay extra attention to candida, just like chronically ill people.

Genetic Factors that Influence the Sensitivity to Candida

Genetic factors that affect their susceptibility to candida are certainly present. One of the most important genetic factors are hormonal factors. In addition, a vaginal candida can be stimulated by pregnancy, by contraception and by treatment with estrogen.

There are women who are particularly sensitive to candida around the period of pregnancy.

Frequently changing sexual contacts work candida in the hand

Frequently changing sexual contacts work candida in the hand, some scientists believe. Oral sex is sometimes also designated as the culprit.

Is Candida Contagious?

what is candida

The yeasts of the candida are often naturally present on our skin, on the mucous membranes of, for example, the mouth and the vagina. They can be transferred from one person to another, including from mother to child or through sex, but this is not contamination in the traditional sense of the word.

Candida is therefore not considered to be a contagious disease and certainly not a sexually transmitted disease.

So you do not have to worry that you can get candida through sexual contact and that can only be a reassurance. As mentioned, the consequences are usually limited and, with simple treatment, the fungal infection and candida can be resolved quickly.

Sugar

According to some theories, a systemic candidiasis can also occur with a multitude of diverse and diffuse symptoms. Common to these theories is that sugar consumption is seen as the major culprit.

The fact is that a low-sugar diet often helps people with a number of diffuse complaints. The question remains whether this concerns the disappearance of a candida or the disappearance of the repeated hypoglycemias, which are stimulated by continuous sugar consumption.

What Are the Symptoms of Spoon Fungus?

The most prominent symptom is itching and burning in the vagina. Some women also experience pain from intercourse and pain during urination. There may also be discharge . The symptoms develop within one to two days.

How does the doctor diagnose?

The diagnosis is made by a gynecological examination and examination of the secretion from the vagina.

How to treat sponge fungus?

Spoon fungus is treated medically either with suppositories or cream locally in the vagina or with a tablet treatment. However, the tablet treatment must not be used in pregnant women.

Which medicine can be used?

There are several anti-fungal agents (also known as Azole preparations). The treatment effect is the same regardless of the preparation used and whether it is given locally in the vagina or as a tablet that is eaten.

Local treatment is treatment with creams or capsules containing the substance Clotrimazole or Miconaxol.

Tablet treatment, also called systemic treatment, is treatment with tablets that are eaten and which typically contain the drug Fluconazole.

In the case of acute infections, high-dose single-dose treatment is as good as 3-day or 7-day treatment. In over 80 percent the symptoms go away from a single treatment.

In the case of repeated infections, treatment is given partly against the acute infection and partly for preventive treatment against repeated infections. It is recommended that this preventive treatment be given for 6 months. Tablet treatment is given with either Fluconazole 150 mg once a month or Itraconazole 200 – 400 mg once a month.

Vaginal boric acid capsules, which are gel capsules filled with boric acid powder, are sometimes used. They are inserted into the vagina twice daily for 2-4 weeks.

See all preparations at the bottom of the article under ‘Medications that can be used’

What can you do yourself?

Contact your doctor if you have not previously had a fungal infection.

Most women who have had sponge in the vagina will often recognize the symptoms if they have a new outbreak. You can then go to the pharmacy and get Clotrimazole in a combination pack containing a suppository and a cream to lubricate the exterior. Contact your doctor if you are unsure or have a bloody discharge.

Tight-fitting panties of synthetic material or use of panty liners are not recommended if you have a tendency to repeat infections. At the same time, use of soap that degrades the skin’s barrier and displaces the pH balance in the vagina is not recommended. Treatment with penicillin or other antibiotics may increase the risk of sphincter fungus in some women. Most women, however, can get antibiotics without developing symptoms of sponge fungus.

Preventive use of suppositories containing milk bacteria has been recommended. However, it has never been proven that such a preventive treatment has effect. If the woman tends to have repeated infections, Fluconazole 150 mg is recommended immediately before and after antibiotic treatment.

View for the future

The condition is not dangerous, as the fungus cannot go into the mouth and thus cannot cause infection in the fallopian tubes and ovaries.

Yeast fungus has been found in about half of male sexual partners for women with repeated infections. Treatment of the partner is not necessary if he does not have symptoms and thus does not affect the risk of recurrent infections.

Why are fungal infections so persistent?

Many people are affected by fungal infections. And although a fungal infection that usually occurs is usually quickly discovered, its treatment usually takes a long time. In many cases the symptoms disappear after a treatment with medication, but unfortunately that success is often only short-lived.

Which types of fungal infections are there?

Fungal infections manifest themselves as athlete’s foot, nail fungus, skin fungus or genital fungus. But fungi can also enter the bloodstream through the intestines and thus even infect individual organs and body parts such as joints or the lungs. That type of fungal infection is usually only recognized late and often such a fungal infection is not considered the cause of the complaints at all. But regardless of the nature of the fungal infection, there are various natural cures and means to permanently get rid of fungi.

Why do fungi return again and again?

Not surprisingly, a fungal infection returns after a treatment with medication:
the skin that turns red and itches;
a foot nail that discolors;
or again a burning sensation in the genital area.

What helps is to fight the cause

It often brings people to despair. Fungal infections must therefore be treated causally. The reason that fungi return after an apparently successful treatment is that anti-fungal therapies only combat the external characteristics of the fungus. A nail fungus is only treated on the nail, a skin fungus on the skin and a genital fungus is treated with the right medication in the genital area. Unfortunately, the actual cause of mold is usually not stopped. Instead, stronger drugs are used instead. And that while the cause of a recurring fungal infection is often obvious: fungi often find the ideal acidic environment in the patient’s body. They find everything they need to grow and multiply quickly.

Fungi need an acid environment or diseased tissue

Just as fungi grow in nature on acid soil and feed on dead plants or cadavers, life-making molds in the human body live under similar conditions. They prefer a high acidity and diseased tissue as a food source. If fungi only thrive where they find soured or diseased tissue, then in a fungal infection one can assume that the body of the person concerned offers exactly what fungi need to multiply. In an overly acidified and weakened body they can thrive and grow well.

Fungi have a preference for the small intestine

How dangerous a fungal infection actually is, is especially evident when the fungus multiplies in the intestine. Because fungi do not need oxygen to survive, they find ideal living conditions in the small intestine. Every food touches directly through the stomach in the small intestine. And even before the valuable nutrients are released to the blood, the fungi have already taken credit. Carbohydrates in abundance and valuable calcium, everything that a fungus needs to be happy. In that case, the person infected with a fungus will have to check it, depending on the size of the fungal population, because there are not so many nutrients left for him.

Strong immune system does not give molds a chance

Normally, the immune system ensures that fungi and other invaders are taken out of action before they can damage our health. If the fungus has nevertheless succeeded in spreading excessively in the body, this usually indicates a weakened immune system of the person concerned. For the weakening of the immune system, incorrect nutrition, long-term stress or regular use of medication can be just as responsible as a chronic disease or heavy metal pollution. Therefore, long-term treatment can only be successful if all those factors are addressed and resolved.

What to do with Fungal Nails

Nails, how can you treat them?

Along with corns and athlete’s foot fungal nails are among the most common foot conditions. And whether they are visible or not, it remains annoying. That is why you want to know as quickly as possible how you can prevent and treat them.

What are fungal nails?

A fungal nail, also called fungal nail, is a thickened, crumbly or discolored nail. Usually it occurs on the toenails, but occasionally on the fingers. The color of the nails is usually white-yellow, green or brown. The nails are also so thick that you can not cut through with a nail scissors.

How do fungal nails develop?

Nails are caused by a fungal infection. This fungus occurs in our environment, such as in the home, in the garden, with the animals or on food. The fungus sometimes occurs on the body through contact with skin flakes of someone who is already infected, for example via the bath mat in the bathroom. In addition, fungal nails can also be caused by pinching shoes, certain work or by exercising. For example, the changing rooms and showers of sports clubs, saunas and swimming pools are often a hotbed of fungi. It is mainly humidity that causes the chance of fungi and therefore fungal nails, but also reduced resistance can lead to fungi. A fungal nail usually starts with an infection at the nail edges. From there, the fungus spreads further into the nail.

How can you prevent fungal nails?

It is important that you make fungi as difficult as possible to grow. Therefore, dry your feet and toes well after showering or swimming. Wear also dry, wool or cotton socks, and slippers in public changing rooms, showers and swimming pools, to protect your nails from contamination. Do not share any nail scissors with anyone else in the family and wash your feet well with an antibacterial soap, so that the acidity remains intact.

How can you treat fungal nails?

To treat fungal nails, there are plenty of ointments, creams, powders and pills available. The products differ in terms of ingredients and one product promises quicker results than the other. The ease of use also differs per product. It is therefore important to see what you like. Remember that it often takes a long time to treat fungal nails. The fungal infection is in fact under the nail and is therefore difficult to reach from the outside. The best effect is achieved if the infection is not too deep in the nail. It is therefore important to intervene quickly if you think you are getting a fungal nail. Nowadays you can also use laser therapy to tackle fungal nails.

Home-garden-kitchen remedies

Do you want to try a home-garden-and-kitchen remedy first? Perhaps one of these tips, mentioned on the website Grandma Weet Raad, helps.

– Vicks Vaporub, the remedy that you normally lubricate with a cold.

– It may sound a bit dirty, but dab a minute in your own morning urine.

– A wad of (apple) vinegar.

– Squeeze a clove of garlic and rub the juice on the nail.

– A few drops of tea tree oil (including for sale at De Tuinen) mixed with water.

What is a Fungal Infection or Candida Infection

A fungal infection is almost always caused by the Candida fungus . Candida is a yeast-like that occurs naturally in the human body. This way you can find it in the skin folds, such as the groin, but also on the mucous membranes such as the vagina, the penis, the mouth (for example, thrush in babies), esophagus and the gastrointestinal tract.

If you are healthy and your immune system works well, then you basically have no problems with the fungus. This is then part of a healthy flora on the skin and mucous membranes. But due to all kinds of factors such as stress, medicine use, reduced resistance or unhealthy food, candida can grow. At that moment you speak of a fungus.

What are the symptoms of a fungal infection in a man?

Fungal Infection

A fungal infection in the man gives various symptoms such as itching and a white deposit on the penis that can not be washed off. Below you will find the most important symptoms of a fungal infection in a man at a glance:

White attack on the head that is difficult to wash away;

Itching of the penis and glans;

Blood peeing (in this case go directly to the doctor);

Irritated, red foreskin;

Dry skin, loose sheets;

Small chunks or bumps on the glans;

Pain during sex;

Pain when urinating;

In a fungus in the groin: red spots with flakes along the edges.

Consult a doctor for a recurring fungal infection on the penis and glans

White plaque and itching of the glans and penis are the most common symptoms of a Candida infection in a man. If you suffer from a long-term or recurring fungal infection , consult a doctor.

What causes a fungal infection in a man?

fungal

As you have been able to read, candida is naturally present in the body and does not cause any complaints in a healthy person. But due to various causes the candida can grow and cause complaints. It is a misunderstanding that a fungal infection has to do with the man with a lack of hygiene. Below are the most common causes of a fungal infection in the man at a glance:

Medication use (antibiotics, antidepressants, chemotherapy, contortionists);

Long-term stress;

Unhealthy food with a lot of sugar, alcohol and white flour products;

Reduced resistance;

Contamination through sex with a woman with a vaginal yeast infection .

Is a fungal infection contagious from woman to man?

Is a fungal infection contagious ? That is what many moons and women ask themselves. Many men want to know if they also run the risk of being infected with a fungus.

A fungal infection is in principle not a contagious disease or STD, because the yeast is almost always present in the man and woman. A man can still contract a candida infection by having sex with a woman with a vaginal yeast infection. Also vice versa the man can infect the woman. Whether the man is actually infected by the woman when having sex is mainly due to your resistance . It is therefore not the case that you immediately contract a fungal infection if you have sex with a woman who suffers from this. In practice, sex is often not the cause of a fungal infection.

What to do with a fungal infection in a man?

Of course, a man wants to know how he can best treat the fungus. A fungal infection often changes automatically. If the symptoms persist or if you suffer from urination or blood in your urine, go directly to the doctor for treatment of the symptoms. Furthermore, you can do quite a lot to get the infection under control again. It is important to strengthen the resistance. Then your own immune system can tackle the excess fungi. Below you can read the most important points you can look out for:

Get started with your food! Follow a candida diet .

Look here for a step-by-step plan to tackle the fungus: Candida diet, tips advice and recipes;

The most important tips for the anti-candida diet are: Avoid sugar, white flour products (white rice, white bread, white crackers, white pasta and macaroni), sweets, soft drinks, fruit juices from packs;

Use plenty of coconut oil, garlic and turmeric;

Be very moderate with alcohol, especially beer;

Do not smoke;

Avoid stress. Register here for the relaxation coach !

sleep

Sleep enough!

Use a condom if your partner suffers from a vaginal yeast infection;

Wash the penis thoroughly twice a day with water, not soap.

Does my wife have a fungal infection?

If your wife or partner has a vaginal yeast infection, there is a chance that you will light each other. The most recognizable symptoms of a vaginal yeast infection are:

A white, friable vaginal discharge;

Itching, redness and a painful vagina;

White rash on the mucous membrane of the vagina, which is difficult to wipe away.