A fungal infection is mainly a nasty condition that is usually not serious in nature but which can thoroughly disrupt the human mechanism.
It is therefore important to be there in time and to distinguish the symptoms in order to avoid that the fungal infection becomes serious and can cause permanent damage to the body.
What are fungi?
To know exactly what a fungal infection is, we must first distinguish the concept of fungus. The so-called pathogenic fungi form with them development in life forms toxic substances, which we also know as mycotoxins. An example of this is aflatoxin, which is formed by fungi that can occur on spoiled nuts.
These worms do not belong to these micro-organisms. Yet they are also mentioned here because they too can cause diseases in humans (and also in animals). Examples here are the tapeworm, thrichinose (which is transmitted by insufficiently heated pork) and the herring worm.
What are the main fungal infections?
Pneumonia-like syndromes can sometimes be caused by fungi. There are three large groups of fungal infections that we would like to discuss here to give a better picture of the condition.
The Aspergillosis fungus preferably grows in existing cavities in the tongue tissue such as absesses, bronchiectasis and lung cysts. The fungus grows like a mushroom in the cavity and in that form is clearly recognizable on a lung photo.
This condition can lead to the formation of jaw and lung abscesses and is much less common than in the past. The contamination of humans used to happen often by chewing on certain stalks on which this fungus is present.
Candidais or monialasis is a fungal infection that is usually the result of long-term use of antibiotics or of cytostatics and corticosteroids.
Candida belongs to the family of yeasts that we naturally find on our skin, in our mucous membranes and also in the intestines. We need those yeasts, because they live in harmony with the bacteria that also naturally occur on them.
They have a cleansing function on the skin and they serve as food for the yeasts. So in normal circumstances we do not notice anything.
But it is possible that these yeasts suddenly start to expand strongly, causing a so-called candida infection.
Usually such a fungal infection is pretty harmless and there is also a very simple and effective treatment for it. These simple infections are usually the result of a temporary reduction of our resistance, for example by an antibiotic treatment.
The treatment is simple: it is then sufficient to increase the resistance by adjusting the diet or not in combination with the right medication, and after a short time the fungal infection will disappear again.
Exceptionally, candida is dangerous
In rather exceptional circumstances, which we can not emphasize enough, candida infection can be dangerous, when candida gets into the blood and causes a severe infection. This only occurs in severely ill people with a greatly reduced resistance.
For example, in people who have had an organ transplant, in cancer patients after chemotherapy and in AIDS patients. These categories of patients are kept under extra supervision so that they will not suffer from candida.
Immunity against candida can be stimulated by regular intake of beta-glucans .
Risk factors for a candida fungal infection
Many factors can play a role in the occurrence of a candida infection and should be avoided as much as possible.
For example, a humid environment is the ideal breeding ground for the multiplication and spread of yeasts and fungi. The rooms well ventilate and no wet towels, clothing and carpets in house so the message.
Do not overdo with antibiotics. These drugs can only be taken in extreme need. They can be very efficient temporarily, but on the other hand they are also detrimental to our resistance and also destroy useful bacteria in our body.
If those bacteria are no longer present in sufficient quantities to perform their protective function, candida will get the chance to multiply and spread.
People who have a strongly weakened defense mechanism are extra sensitive to candida. These include premature births, very young babies, AIDS and HIV patients, elderly people, people undergoing chemotherapy, people who have just undergone organ transplants and certain medicines that affect immunity.
People who suffer from diabetes also need to pay extra attention to candida, just like chronically ill people.
Genetic Factors that Influence the Sensitivity to Candida
Genetic factors that affect their susceptibility to candida are certainly present. One of the most important genetic factors are hormonal factors. In addition, a vaginal candida can be stimulated by pregnancy, by contraception and by treatment with estrogen.
There are women who are particularly sensitive to candida around the period of pregnancy.
Frequently changing sexual contacts work candida in the hand
Frequently changing sexual contacts work candida in the hand, some scientists believe. Oral sex is sometimes also designated as the culprit.
Is Candida Contagious?
The yeasts of the candida are often naturally present on our skin, on the mucous membranes of, for example, the mouth and the vagina. They can be transferred from one person to another, including from mother to child or through sex, but this is not contamination in the traditional sense of the word.
Candida is therefore not considered to be a contagious disease and certainly not a sexually transmitted disease.
So you do not have to worry that you can get candida through sexual contact and that can only be a reassurance. As mentioned, the consequences are usually limited and, with simple treatment, the fungal infection and candida can be resolved quickly.
According to some theories, a systemic candidiasis can also occur with a multitude of diverse and diffuse symptoms. Common to these theories is that sugar consumption is seen as the major culprit.
The fact is that a low-sugar diet often helps people with a number of diffuse complaints. The question remains whether this concerns the disappearance of a candida or the disappearance of the repeated hypoglycemias, which are stimulated by continuous sugar consumption.